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Objectives and Functions of HRM

Objectives of Human Resource Management

HMR is an important function of the management. its overall objective is to ensure a competent and committed workforce to achieve organizational goal.

The objective of HRM are:-

  • Goal Achievement
  • Maintains harmony
  • Structure maintenance
  • Productivity improvement
  • Efficiency promotion
  • Change management
  • Quality of work life

Goal Achievement:-

HRM helps organizations to achieve their goals by ensuring that they have the right people in the right roles and by providing employees with the resources and support they need to be successful.

Maintains harmony:-

  • HRM creates harmony between the organization goals and personal goals of employees
  • It maintains the high morale(mental state) of employees
  • It promotes job satisfaction and commitment

Structure maintenance:-

HRM helps to maintain the structure of the organization by developing and implementing HR policies and procedures. These policies and procedures help to ensure that employees know what is expected of them and that they are treated fairly.

Productivity improvement:-

  • HRM continuously develop the employees
  • Better HRM improve the productivity and performance
  • HRM aims ton increase employees motivation for their effectiveness

Efficiency promotion:-

  • HRM ensures the cost effective utilization of human resources
  • HRM helps to increasing the efficiency by motivating the employees

Change management:-

  • HRM helps to manage the changes in the organization
  • HRM reduces the resistance to change in the organization
  • HRM helps to adapt the changing environment

Quality of work life:-

HRM helps to improve the quality of work life for employees by creating a positive work environment, offering competitive compensation and benefits, and providing employees with opportunities for development.

Functions of HRM

Human Resource Management (HRM) encompasses a wide range of functions and activities aimed at effectively managing an organization’s human capital. These functions are critical for attracting, developing, motivating, and retaining employees.

Here are some of the key functions of HRM:-

  • Acquisition
  • Development
  • Utilization
  • Maintenance


The acquisition function involves recruiting and selecting new employees. This includes identifying the organization’s staffing needs, developing job descriptions, advertising job openings, screening resumes, conducting interviews, and making job offers.


The development function involves training and developing employees to improve their skills and knowledge. This includes providing employees with on-the-job training, formal training programs, and opportunities for development and growth.


The utilization function involves assigning employees to jobs and tasks that match their skills and abilities. This includes developing job descriptions, creating performance standards, and evaluating employee performance.


The maintenance function involves creating and maintaining a positive work environment where employees are motivated and engaged. This includes providing employees with competitive compensation and benefits, promoting work-life balance, and creating a culture of respect and inclusion.

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